PHPとMySQLで素晴らしい在庫管理アプリケーションを作成する方法

在庫を効果的に追跡するために、肥大化したエンタープライズソフトウェアは必要ありません。このチュートリアルは、独自のカスタム在庫追跡アプリケーションを開発するのに役立ち、タイムリーで正確な在庫データに基づいてスマートな在庫決定を行うことができます。

システム要求

当社の在庫システムには、標準の商用phpGridおよびphpChartライセンスが必要です。両方のコンポーネントのいくつかの高度な機能が必要です。

  • PHP 5.6以降(PHP 7.xを強くお勧めします!
  • MySQL / MariaDB
  • phpGrid Lite(サブグリッド)-または-phpGrid Enterprise(マスターの詳細、グループ化)
  • phpChart(レポート用)

在庫管理システムの内容

在庫管理システムには、いくつかの重要なコンポーネントがあります。基本的に、在庫管理は、倉庫の2つの主要な機能である受け取り(着信)と出荷(発信)を追跡することによって機能します。在庫の移動や移転などの他の活動も行われます。原材料は減少し、完成品は増加します。

  • 入荷
  • 発信注文
  • 在庫
  • サプライヤー
  • バーコードスキャナー(1/2019 New!)

在庫システムデータベース設計

通常、在庫システムには、製品、購入、注文、およびサプライヤの4つの基本要素があります。各要素は、その場所、SKU、および数量に基づいて追跡する必要があります。現在の在庫、または手持ちの製品は、入荷と出荷注文を追跡することによって更新されます。注文アラートは、在庫レベルがカスタム定義の最小レベルを下回ったときにトリガーするように設定できます。

InventoryManagerデータベースのセットアップ

InventoryManager.sqlこのチュートリアルのGitHubリポジトリからSQLスクリプトをダウンロードし、MySQLWorkbenchなどのMySQLツールを使用してスクリプトを実行します。これにより、InventoryManagerこのチュートリアルに必要なテーブルと同様に、という名前の新しいデータベースが作成されます。

ZenBaseに関するサイドノート

The Inventory Management System is also one of the many application templates readily available at ZenBase (built on the top of phpGrid) for anyone — with or without coding skills — to use and customize for their own needs.

phpGridを設定します

次へ移りましょう。

phpGridによるdatagridコンポーネントを使用して、すべての内部データベースCRUD(作成、削除、更新、および削除)操作を処理します。

続行する前に、必ずphpGridのコピーをダウンロードしてください。

phpGridをインストールするには、次の手順に従います。

  1. phpGridダウンロードファイルを解凍します。
  2. phpGridフォルダーをphpGridフォルダーにアップロードします。
  3. conf.phpファイルを構成してインストールを完了します。

コーディングを開始する前conf.phpに、phpGrid構成ファイルに次の情報を含める必要があります。

ユーザーインターフェイス(UI)の作成

当社の在庫システムは4ページで構成されています。

  • 現在の在庫
  • 着信購入
  • 発送注文
  • レポート

メニュー

メニューのインクルードファイルは、incという名前のフォルダに保存されますmenu.php。メニューのコードは単純です。焦点を合わせるために、詳細には触れません。incフォルダ内のコードを自由に見てください。

Reports。という名前のメニュー項目も追加しました。

ページ

CRMおよびプロジェクト管理のチュートリアルで使用したものと同じページテンプレートを使用します。

現在の在庫

現在の在庫ページから始めましょう。

Incoming purchases increase the inventory while outgoing orders decrease it. From a master-detail perspective, the Current Inventory has not one, but two detail datagrids — the Purchases (incoming purchases) and the Orders (outgoing orders).

So the Current Inventory page is composed of one master grid (the Current Inventory in stock) and two detail grids (Incoming Purchases and Outgoing Orders). We can easily present these relationships using the phpGrid one master and multiple detail datagrids feature.

phpGrid Lite vs. Professional and Enterprise

Master detail and Grouping features require phpGrid Professional or Enterprise edition. If you are on the free Lite version, you can still use subgrid in place of Master detail albeit less advanced. Professional or Enterprise versions are highly recommended.

If you have read the last tutorial Building a Donation Manager from Scratch, you will have no problem following the code below.

Note the use of the set_col_format() function used to format the integers.

That’s it for the Current Inventory datagrid. Here’s what it looks like so far:

Now, let’s make a few changes to enhance our Product datagrid.

First of all, we will add some conditional formatting: whenever the InventoryOnHand is set to zero or a negative value, it is displayed using a different background color. We will use the set_conditional_format() function for this purpose.

The above code adds a display condition so that whenever the InventoryOnHand field has a value that is less than (lt) one, the text color changes to red and the background color to dark gray (#DCDCDC).

Secondly, whenever the InventoryOnHand is less than the value shown in MinimumRequired, we would like to alert the user by displaying it in a prominent background color such as gold. To compare values between two fields, we must switch to Javascript because the set_conditional_format() function only works with a single field.

The code below uses a for loop to iterate through each row in the Products datagrid. It compares the inventoryOnHand with theminimumRequired and, when the condition is met, it will use thesetCell function to change the background color.

You can learn more about comparing multiple cell values on the phpGrid support website.

Next, on the same page, we need to see the purchases coming in (Incoming) and orders going out (Outgoing) for a specific product.

Purchases Detail Grid (Incoming)

Orders Detail Grid (Outgoing)

Both detail grids use the same foreign key ProductId to link to the master datagrid (Products).

Finally, our complete code to manage the Current Inventory page is:

Here’s the a snapshot of the inventory page:

Incoming Purchases

The next page is the Incoming Purchase page. It is similar to the Purchase Detail Grid we saw when setting up the Current Inventory page. We group the purchases by ProductId and display the sum inNumberReceived. Any incoming purchases will increase the inventory.

Note: Grouping feature is only available in the phpGrid Professional and Enterprise edition. To filter without the grouping, use the integration search.

The complete code:

Here’s a screenshot of our Incoming Purchases page with grouping enabled:

Outgoing Orders

The next page is the Outgoing Orders page. It is similar to the Orders Detail Grid from the Current Inventory page. Here, we will introduce an advanced function called set_grid_method().

Summary

This tutorial builds a simple and extendable inventory system in less than 50 lines of code. The progressive style of these tutorials also helps the reader to ultimately become more familar and comfortable with phpGrid by introducing a limited number of new phpGrid features in each one.

What’s Coming Up

This marks the end of the code needed to create the datagrids required for this tutorial. However, we are not done yet. There is still one more page we need to create — Reports. We will cover that after the jump.

What’s the use of an inventory system without some of type of report? In this section, you will learn how to use phpChart — which seamlessly integrates with phpGrid — to create visually pleasing and useful reports for your Inventory Manager application.

Here’s what our page will look like when it’s done:

Before we start, we need to install phpChart. It is recommended that you obtain the full version of phpChart since the free version (phpChart Lite) supports only the line chart.

Setup phpChart

It’s important that we keep phpGrid and phpChart in separate folders. Below is the recommended folder hierarchy.

www +-- Donation_Manager | |-- phpGrid | | +-- conf.php | |-- phpChart | | +-- conf.php | +-- ...

Report Design

We will place a pie chart next to an inventory summary grid. The datagrid provides the series data to plot the pie chart.

phpGrid and phpChart Integration

First of all, include calls to both conf.php files at the beginning of the code.

require_once("phpGrid/conf.php"); require_once("phpChart/conf.php");

Pie Chart

Below is the complete code to create our pie chart:

Let’s walk through the code.

The first line is the constructor. We pass array(null) as the series data because we don’t wish to have any data displayed in the pie chart initially. The inventory data used to plot the chart is not yet available when it is first initialized. The data is fed from the datagrid later in JSON.

We also give our chart a unique name, PieChart.

Next, we give it a title. Nothing fancy here.

Once we have the title, we call the series default function to set the renderer to PieRenderer. Unlike a bar chart, a pie chart does not have a Y axis.

We can also set the rendererOptions property. We will not go into each option in detail here, but you can find more information in the online documentation.

We also want to show a legend. The set_legend command below shows the legend to the west (noted byw) or to the left of the pie chart.

We will also remove the border and the background.

Finally, we draw our chart by giving it a height and width in pixels.

However, if you execute the code now, you will not see the chart because the data used to render it isn’t available yet.

Inventory Summary Datagrid

Here, we will use the same the inventory datagrid as we did in the Products page. We just need to add one more thing — an event handler.

In phpGrid, we can add an event handler with the add_event() function. add_event() binds an event handler, which is essentially a JavaScript function, to a specific phpGrid event. A list of possible events can be found here.

Since we must wait for the datagrid to finish loading before it can send the data to plot the chart, we use the event jqGridLoadComplete.

phpGrid 101 — jqGridLoadComplete Event

jqGridLoadComplete is last event that occurs once the whole datagrid body has finished loading. Note that the grid body will be reloaded if the user changes the sort order of a column or sets a filter.

Sending Data with Javascript

The following is the Javascript event handler for jqGridLoadComplete.

The complete code:

Now there you have it. Your just built your very first inventory management system from scratch using PHP and MySQL!

Thank you for reading! If you enjoyed this post, please give me some claps so more people see it.

New to Programming? Fear Not!

If you are new to programming and are not yet comfortable with coding, you may want to check out ZenBase that is built on the top of the phpGrid. The Inventory Management System is but one of the many application templates readily available at ZenBase for anyone — with or without coding skills — to use and customize for their own needs.

Online Demo

  • Current Inventory
  • Incoming Purchases
  • Outgoing orders
  • Reports (with datagrid side-by-side)

Next: Add the barcode scanner

Add the barcode scanner to our inventory management system

Download Source Code on Github

phpcontrols/inventory-manager

Source code of inventory-manager the awesome Inventory Management Application in PHP and MySQL from Start to Finishgithub.com

Common Issue:

Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Class ‘phpGrid\C_DataGrid’ not found

How to fix:

If you are using the free Lite version, you can either comment out the first line

// use phpGrid\C_DataGrid;

— OR —

Add a global namespace symbol — single backslash — BEFORE the constructor

$dg = new \C_DataGrid(“SELECT * FROM orders”, “orderNumber”, “orders”);

You may be also interested in those tutorials:

Build a Project Management Application From Scratch

What is a Project Management Application?Build a Simple CRM from Start to Finish

Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is a system that manages customer interactions and data throughout the customer…Building a Donation Manager from Scratch in PHP

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